Tag Archives: Gothic

Two likely Semitic loanwords in Gothic

Reconstructing Gothic, some say, involves a lot of extrapolation. Apart from Latin and Greek, there are not many sources of Gothic loanwords that are reasonably close to Gothic in place and time and that have a preserved corpus predating the Gothic. If there was, reconstruction would be based on interpolation which is more reliable than extrapolation. But there is Hebrew. Here are a few passages involving Gothic and Hebrew “ak” – a contrasting adverb or conjunctive, and the Gothic word for house “gards” compared with the Hebrew word for a temporary dwelling-place for guests “magor”.

????K (ak)
鈥 MS: Italy, 500 CE, text-type: Moesia 350 CE
Matthew 6: 18, except
ei ni gasaiwaizau mannam fastands ak attin 镁einamma 镁amma in fulhsnja
Matthew 7: 21, but only
ni wazuh saei qi镁i镁 mis frauja frauja inngalei镁i镁 in 镁iudangardja himine ak sa taujands yiljan
attins meinis
Matthew 9: 17, but rather
ni镁镁an giutand yein niujata in balgins fairnjans … ak giutand yein juggata in balgins niujans
Mark 1: 44, but
saiw ei mannhun ni qi镁ais yaiht ak gagg 镁uk silban ataugjan gudjin
John 16: 26, 27, for/since
ni qi镁a izyis 镁ei ik bidjau attan bi izyis ak silba atta frijo镁 izyis unte jus mik frijodedu镁
Ephesians 2: 9, 10, for/for indeed
ni us yaurstyam ei was ni wopai ak is sijum taui

讗讱 (ach)
Genesis 9: 4, but/only/except 鈥 MS: 1 000 CE, text-type: 600 CE Masoretic
谞转转讬 诇爪诐 讗转-讻诇 讗讱-讘砖专 讘谞驻砖讜 讚诪讜 诇讗 转讗讻诇讜
Leviticus 21: 23, but/only 鈥 MS: 1 000 CE, text-type: 600 CE Masoretic
讜诪谉-讛拽讚砖讬诐 讬讗讻诇 讗讱 讗诇-讛驻专讻转 诇讗 讬讘讗
Isaiah 45:14, for/for … except 鈥 MS: 200 BC Dead Sea scroll
讜讗诇讬讻讬 讬转驻诇诇讜 讗讱 讘讻讬 讗诇 讜讗讬谉 注讜讚 讗诇 讜讛讬诐

???????????????????? (gards) masculin noun
鈥 MS: Italy, 500 CE, text-type: Moesia 350 CE
Matthew 5: 15, house/room
jah liutei镁 allaim 镁aim in 镁amma garda
Matthew 9: 6, home/place
urreisands nim 镁ana ligr 镁einana jah gagg in gard 镁einana
Mark 3: 25, household
jah jabai gards yi镁ra sik gadailjada ni mag standan sa gards jains

诪讙讜专
(magor) masculin noun, related to 讙专 (geir) sojourner and 讙讜专 (gour) sojourn
Genesis 12: 10, sojourn 鈥 MS: 1 000 CE, text-type: 600 CE Masoretic
讜讬专讚 讗讘专诐 诪爪专讬诪讛 诇讙讜专 砖诐 讻讬-讻讘讚 讛专注讘 讘讗专抓
Genesis 37: 1, sojourning-place 鈥 MS: ca 50 BC DSS
[讜讬砖讘 讬注拽讘 讘]讗专抓 诪讙讜专讬 讗讘讬讜 讘讗专抓 [讻谞注谉]
Psalm 55: 16, camps?, Greek has 蟺伪蟻慰喂魏委伪喂蟼 鈥 MS: 1 000 CE, text-type: 600 CE Masoretic
讬专讚讜 砖讗讜诇 讞讬讬诐 讻讬-专注讜转 讘诪讙讜专诐 讘拽专讘诐
Haggai 2: 19, barn/granary 鈥 MS: ca 50 BC DSS
[讛注讜讚 讛讝专注 讘诪]讙讜专讛 [讜注讚 讛讙驻谉 讜讛转讗谞讛 讜讛专诪讜谉 讜注抓 讛讝讬转 诇讗] 谞砖讗 [诪谉 讛讬讜诐 讛讝讛 讗讘专讱]